What is Pso?

What is Pso?

Psoriasis [pronounced sorr-eye-iss-iss], also called Pso, is a chronic, or ongoing, disease that can appear anywhere on the body.[1][2] Psoriasis most commonly affects the skin, but can also affect the nails.[2] If you also have swollen, stiff or painful joints, you may have a form of inflammatory arthritis called psoriatic arthritis [pronounced sorr-eye-att-ick arth-rye-tiss] that can affect people with psoriasis.[3][4]

In Pso, skin cells are replaced every 4-7 days, instead of the usual 21-28 days[5]

In Pso, the body’s immune system gets ‘confused’ and attacks itself, making new skin cells grow and build up above and just below the surface of the skin.[2][6]7 This creates thick red or swollen patches of skin covered in silvery scales called ‘plaques’ that you may recognise.78 These patches can become inflamed, itchy and bleed,79 affecting either small or large areas of skin,8 but it’s important to remember that Pso isn’t contagious.[5]

diagram

How psoriasis works[5]10

Pso affects at least 100 million people around the world[1]

Moderate to severe Pso increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.8 Psoriasis is also associated with diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, inflammatory bowel disease, and there is a small increased risk of skin cancer.8

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References

National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults: prevention and management. 2014. CG178.
APA Clinical Guidelines. American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guidelines for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. 2004.
Harrigan et al. Psychol Med 2003; 33: 97–110.
Bottlender et al. Schizophr Res 2003; 62: 37–44.
Weiden et al. Psychiatr Serv 2004; 55: 886–891.
Robinson et al. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56: 241–247.
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